What is CCSVI?

What is CCSVI?
Author: CCSVI Clinic

CCSVI is a chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency. A condition that causes the blood to escape freely from the brain and spinal cord. There may be many reasons for the difficult outflow. These are:

  • venous stenosis
  • lock damage to the valves
  • other types of deformations.

As a result, the body can not drain blood from the brain in an optimal way and develops collateral circulation, which is not as efficient anymore. As a result of the lack of blood circulation, permanent malnutrition and hypoxia of the brain and spinal cord occur. There are inflammations and demyelinating processes characteristic of multiple sclerosis. Interestingly, according to the hypothesis put forward by prof. Zamboniego is the deformation of the venous system and the emergence of inflammation, can lead to autoimmune reaction and multiple sclerosis. The hypothesis is justified in the permanent or transient improvement of the health condition of patients with MS (multiple sclerosis) undergoing vein clearing treatment.


Is the resection of veins some hope for MS patients and how do we deal with CCSVI?

What symptoms accompany CCSVI? Virtually identical to those that are attributed to multiple sclerosis: mobility problems, headaches, muscle tension (spasticity), insomnia, lack of tolerance to heat, thermoregulation disorders, limb numbness, balance problems, double vision, problems with expressions , problems with the digestive system, holding urine and many more. Usually, only part of the symptoms depends on what part of the brain has been destroyed by neurodegenerative processes.

Since the discovery and definition of CCSVI, attempts have been made to treat it repeatedly. The least time-consuming, the cheapest and the easiest to carry out were the procedures for clearing the jugular veins. They are performed similarly to balloon angioplasty. The treatment lasts only 20-30 minutes and is preceded by a diagnosis using a contrast infusion for the operated vessels. In this way, over 95% of CCSVI treatments have been performed worldwide. One of the Polish clinics since 2009 has conducted more than 1,700 treatments of this type, and at the peak time, it was necessary to wait for surgery for over 3 years (!)

The effects of neck vein clearance were different. Some patients were surprised by the improvement of their health, some of them remained unchanged and even slightly increased. Does this mean that the unblocking of veins in the case of CCSVI does not work? Not necessarily.


Modern diagnosis

As in any new therapy, it takes time, research and experience to be able to say anything at 100%. The approach to CCSVI over the last decade has changed dramatically, mainly thanks to the use of modern imaging methods. For comparison, for years, only jugular veins were dealt with, and now we are able to visualize and detect deformations in the entire venous system from intracranial venous sinuses up to the renal vein. For this purpose:

- MRV 3D - magnetic resonance imaging is one of the most precise imaging methods. It allows to obtain a three-dimensional image of blood vessels, so you can determine the correctness of flows, among others in intracranial veins. MRV allows to reveal venous deformities and to determine the degree of narrowing of blood vessels.



- venography with contrast, allowing real-time monitoring of blood flow from the brain

- IVUS or intravascular ultrasound allowing viewing the veins from the inside and measuring the blood pressure at various points of the venous system.




Thanks to modern diagnostic methods, the neurosurgeon can see exactly where the deformities are and what scales. In addition, thanks to the pressure measurement it is able to detect changes invisible to the camera. This is somewhat similar to the principle of a garden hose. If we squeeze it in front of the place of pressure, the water pressure increases. Blood pressure in our blood vessels is similar.


How do we do it at CCSVI Clinic?

Although it is only 10 years since the first massively conducted and very primitive CCSVI treatments, today in our clinic we are able to do it much better. We do not limit ourselves only to jugular veins, and our venous area is the entire venous system. We see adverse changes from the brain to the renal vein and we can deal with them.

A comparison between the current CCSVI treatment methodology and that carried out in our clinic can be found in the table below.



As you can see, the procedure used in our clinic is well ahead of current standards, which is why we get much better results. It is difficult to talk about the restoration of the venous system, focusing only on its small section (jugular veins). Only full restoration of the proper pressure in the entire venous system can lead to optimal results and we try to achieve this effect.


Is it working?

We can not say that at 100%. The research project is under development and we need many documented treatments (eventually 300 patients) to draw objective conclusions. Nevertheless, today we can say that the results are very promising and the health of our patients is improving almost immediately after awakening.


Patients feedback


In conclusion, let us add that the CCSVI therapy program assumes obtaining a lasting improvement in the health of our patients. For this purpose, each of them is subjected to 3 years of observation, during which we note all changes in the venous and nervous system. All in order to one day be able to publish the results of research that will set new directions for dealing with patients suffering from multiple sclerosis.